Explorations in Materiality and Texture

29 May

Earlier this month a group of Goldsmiths MA students recently collaborated on the exhibition The Second Attempt at Phane Terglo at Lewisham Arthouse, where all the works were in shades of beige.  As mentioned in the article ‘All That Glitters Isn’t Necessarily Gold‘, a trend for monochromous work appeared over the winter.  What came out of The Second Attempt at Phane Terglo was an experimentation with contrasting textures.  In an all-encompassing installation, painted surfaces that had the finish of raw plaster contrasted with smooth MDF and the striated cut edges of plywood.  Synthetic flowers hung from a washing line whilst minimal glasses of beige drinks with a cherry in sat on the ledge around the room.  Sliced potatoes sewn to a painted strip of fabric hung from the ceiling resembled diseased skin, whilst their decomposition mirrors that of Anya Gallaccio‘s works such as preserve ‘beauty’, where she places red gerberas behind glass and allows them to naturally die.  Finally a series of three monochromatic portrait paintings seemed effectively identical but for slight variations that possibly indicate the models may have been an Asian male, a white female and a black male, demonstrating that we are all alike and equal, whilst it could be said to reflect the dullness of a homogenised society and hence perhaps celebrate our individuality.

The ordered layout of Gallaccio’s work is also mirrored in that of Victoria Scott‘s Lenty Pond (2011), which was shown in the following exhibition at the same gallery.  A grid of nearly 500 petri dishes laid out on the gallery floor formed a graduated change of colour.  From a distance these appeared to contain pigment or coloured sand but in fact they are oil paintings on canvas cut out in a circle, potentially violently, where a selection seem to quite strongly represent landscape scenes, and resulting in their slight undulation.  It was also interesting to observe the reflection of the rectangular gridded windows on the grid of transparent pieces, which also draw to mind Carl Andre‘s floor pieces over which the audience are invited to walk, but in this case despite a lack of barrier it seems the work would be destroyed by this kind of interaction.

Quite different from Scott’s work but related to the use of texture and material in The Second Attempt at Phane Terglo, Neil Taylor translates material in his exhibition True Wood at Campbell Works.  Taylor has carved a series of works that resemble wood out of blue Styrofoam.  The exhibition has a distinctly religious undercurrent, using apparently found material from a neighbouring evangelical church; a powerful letterhead with an image of the crucifixion as a watermark, as both source material and a medium on which to draw or write.

Taylor’s use of material is most interesting in the less religious works where he has created pallets out of Styrofoam and polystyrene, ironically crossing junctions between art and its packaging materials.  The packing is rendered as art whilst it suggests the disastrous or comedic scene that would occur if they were used in the intended manner of pallets.

One of Taylor’s sculptural works directly references the crucifix.  Hung from a solid vertical, creating the horizontal part of the cross in this work, is a large sheet of brown paper that has a wood grain texture.  On the paper is a screen-print of the source image, partly in gold like an illuminated manuscript or the framing for religious paintings and triptychs, which highlights this texture by the way the ink only applied to the outer level.  Where the vertical component is finished (with paint) this work takes the form of a giant match, burnt most of the way down until it was extinguished, which could make this piece refer to being burnt at the stake.  Meanwhile the work also resembles an abstract human figure, Christ probably, like a mixture between Alberto Giacometti and Constantin Brancusi sculptures.  The head of the match or figure is pierced in the violent manner of a Lucio Fontana painting such as The End of God (1963), more violent than the process in Scott’s work, whilst also perhaps referencing some plant seed heads as depicted by Georgia O’Keeffe, symbolising rebirth.

Also of interest in this exhibition is the central installation through which we must walk to see the three rooms of the exhibition, which has apparently pierced through from the gallery space to what were previously artists’ studios.  Constructed as a huge packing crate, the work relates religion to art through it taking on the cruciform layout of church buildings, whilst artworks are regularly shipped around the world or stored in such crates.  This transportation of art could be related to the gospel spreading of Christianity, suggesting Art to be a religion.

This piece also seems to reference Monika Sosnowska’s Untitled (2004) labyrinthine installation at the Serpentine Gallery in its interception of space with a fresh timber structure creating a new temporary environment.  Stood inside the work, do the viewers become an artwork in transit themselves?  It is interesting to experience the solitary life of an artwork in storage with nothing to see but your dark timber encasement, awaiting a potential opportunity to shine on stage in the future.  A further small Styrofoam work is positioned on top of the crate, banging the nail into the coffin that the work is from the inside, closing the door that is casually propped up against a structural column of the building like a trap door about to close and entomb an unsuspecting viewer inside.

Like Taylor’s works in Styrofoam where the blue colour remains, Anna Brereton’s work in the Slade School show focuses entirely on textured surfaces.  Her works are made in materials such as concrete and handmade paper, with the choice of material and tone seemingly at its own will, secondary to the work’s form.  This results in a collection of naturalistic and constructorly greys.  The surfaces themselves refer to a combination of natural materials, such as stone, the recording of language like Braille or that carved into tablets such as the Rosetta Stone, and to relief sculpture like that from the Parthenon, both of which are today in the nearby British Museum.

Neil Taylor, True Wood is at Campbell Works, 27 Belfast Road, N16 6UN until 19th June 2011.
The Slade School of Fine Art BA Show is at UCL, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT until 2nd June.


3 Responses to “Explorations in Materiality and Texture”


  1. Nothing’s Ever As Simple As Black and White « Art Critiqued - May 31, 2011

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  2. Under the Surface « Art Critiqued - June 21, 2011

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